Saturday, July 28, 2012

2008 BMW 5-Series Security | review | pictures |

2008 BMW 5-Series Security
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2008 BMW 5-Series Security
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BMW 5-Series Security

With the BMW 5-Series Security, BMW offers an armoured sedan in the premium segment of the upper medium category. Thanks to their unique security concept, the BMW 550i Security and the BMW 530i Security guarantee effective protection from criminal attacks. The two models combine state-of-the-art security technology with the sporty flair, ride comfort and exclusive fittings characteristic of the BMW 5-Series.

The BMW 5-Series provides an ideal basis for a particularly effective security vehicle at the VR4 ballistic protection level. The sedan offers an impressively striking and prestigious design, supreme handling, generous space and uncompromising premium quality. Superior driving dynamics is ensured by the 8-cylinder and 6-cylinder engines available for the security vehicle, the innovative lightweight construction with aluminium/steel body and all-aluminium chassis as well as sophisticated chassis systems such as Active Steering and the roll stabilisation function Dynamic Drive. What is more, fittings such as the operating concept iDrive, BMW Night Vision and Adaptive Headlight including turning light and variable light distribution emphasise the outstanding status of the BMW 5-Series.

8-cylinder and 6-cylinder engines to choose from: supreme power at two output levels.

The BMW 5-Series Security is offered in two model versions, both of which have identical security features. The BMW 550i Security is powered by a 4.8- litre 8-cylinder engine which offers top-class refinement, supreme power delivery across a wide engine speed range and exemplary efficiency. The V8 engine, with the throttle-free valve control system VALVETRONIC, variable camshaft control Double VANOS for the intake and outlet side and an intake system which operates at two levels, delivers 270 kW/367 bhp and achieves a maximum torque of 490 Nm.

In the BMW 530i Security there is a 3.0 litre inline 6-cylinder engine with a magnesium-aluminium compound crankcase which has an output of 200 kW/272 bhp and a maximum torque of 315 Nm. In the security model, too, it impressively brings out the qualities which are characteristic of BMW 6- cylinder engines - dynamic power delivery, high revving power and exemplary running smoothness. Both model versions boast supreme driving performance figures in everyday traffic and also have extensive power reserves which allow the driver to escape dangerous situations by means of a swift response. Both the BMW 550i Security and the BMW 530i Security are fitted as standard with a 6-speed automatic transmission.

The BMW 550i Security reaches a speed of 100 km/h from standing in just 6.5 seconds. The corresponding acceleration rate of the BMW 530i Security is 6.5 seconds. Both models have an electronically cut-off top speed of 240 km/h.

Extensive protection against criminal attacks.

With its security vehicles, BMW responds to increasing violence and criminal threats ("carjacking", kidnapping) in numerous regions of the world. This includes Latin America, parts of South-East Asia and the Middle East and some states of the former Soviet Union. The criminal acts in question are frequently random in nature and generally speaking are not directed at the passengers themselves but are committed with the intention of stealing valuables or the vehicle itself. The BMW 5-Series Security is excellently equipped to fend off such attacks since the entire passenger cell is bulletresistant and its armour fulfils the requirements of ballistic protection level VR4. This means that the BMW 5-Series Security can resist attacks with impact weapons as well as hand weapons and handguns up to a calibre of .44 Magnum including .357 Magnum or 9 mm Luger. The appropriate certification is provided by the German ballistic authority Beschussamt Mellrichstadt based on the norm for bullet-resistant vehicles, BRV 1999. At the request of BMW, the ballistic testing goes far beyond the usual requirements. In addition to the stipulated firing angles of 90° and 45°, the tests include other firing angles in order to make them more realistic, with the relevant certification being provided.

The highly effective protection of the BMW 5-Series Security derives from its integrated protective systems which are installed by hand with painstaking care by highly qualified experts at a special plant in Toluca (Mexico). A precisely defined combination of casings, moulded parts and panels is used to armour the vehicle. These are largely made of materials which are bulletresistant but nonetheless of low weight. At critical points such as the gaps and borders of the synthetic fibre mats, rust-proof chrome-nickel steel is used. This provides optimum all-round protection for the passenger cell. On request, a shatter protection element can be integrated in the underbody.

In order to ensure seamless protection and still preserve a lower weight, highquality and extremely carefully finished fibre mats are used for the armourplating of the BMW 5-Series Security. Aramid mats are thus used for the roof and the body columns and for the front wall to the footwell and the back wall to the luggage compartment. This material is the same as that used for bulletproof police vests. Not only is it bullet-resistant, it also resilient to heat, fire and acid. The protective mats in the areas of the doors are made of the even lighter and equally bullet-proof material polyethylene, which absorbs the impact energy of a projectile especially well due to its structure. Chrome-nickel steel is used for bordering the protective mats, sealing the gaps in the door sections and reinforcing window edges.

The security glazing of the BMW 5-Series Security consists of a 22 mm thick compound of plastic and glass. The multi-layered glass is also bullet-resistant according to VR4 ballistic protection levels and is resilient to attack by impact weapons. The window panes also have a polycarbonate coating which provides shatter protection for the vehicle interior.

In contrast to retrofitted armour plating, which frequently leaves security gaps and leads to excessive weight strain on vehicle parts, the integrated protection concept for BMW Security Vehicles covers all potential weak points. This includes body joints, door gaps and the transitions between metal and glass. Due to the model-specific conception of the protective features, which also includes gap sealing, care is taken to ensure that neither projectiles nor shattered glass can penetrate into the interior of the vehicle at critical points.

Low additional weight, unconstrained comfort, inconspicuous exterior.

In spite of the extensive security features, the generous interior of the BMW 5-Series Security is preserved virtually without limitation due to the intelligent space concept, with almost the entire range of extensive comfort features still available. The additional weight does not impair the dynamic character of the BMW 5-Series and the security vehicles thus provide the sporty feel which is characteristic of BMW. The additional weight as compared to the corresponding serial production vehicles is just 250 kg. This is significantly less than that of comparable security vehicles produced by competitors in the premium segment.

From the outside, the BMW 5-Series Security is virtually indistinguishable from its serial production counterpart, since many customers attach great importance to discretion and anonymity.

Active safety and top-level handling.

The chassis of the BMW 5-Series Security is perfectly adapted to the additional weight. For this purpose, specific chassis components such as springs and dampers are fitted, as well as a particularly high-performance brake system. The electronics box in the engine compartment is protected by means of aramid panels so as to ensure it continues to function even in extreme situations. The BMW 5-Series Security also has tyres with emergency running properties. This means that the tyres remain operational even in the event of a complete loss of pressure - for example after being fired at or when driven over sharp objects. Even with a full load, these tyres enable the vehicle to be driven for a further distance of some 50 kilometres at a speed of up to 80 km/h.

Perfect handling in demanding driving situations is ensured by the innovative chassis technology of the BMW 5-Series. The driver of a BMW security vehicle also benefits from this in extreme conditions. In the BMW 5-Series Security, as in the serial production models of the BMW 5-Series, the driving dynamics regulation system Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) is fitted, offering a wide range of functions. DSC suppresses both oversteering and understeering in difficult situations on the road. The system also includes a so called anti-fading support: any decrease in brake power at extremely high temperatures is set off by increasing brake forces accordingly. Moderate build-up of brake forces also enhances brake standby in situations which may require spontaneous deceleration. Regular dry braking optimizes performance of the brakes in the wet, while the start-off assistant facilitates the process of setting off on an uphill gradient.

The DSC system also includes the special mode Dynamic Traction Control (DTC). Activated by pressing a button, this mode raises the response thresholds for driving stability regulation and thus makes it easier to set off on snow or loose sand, for example. DTC also enables the driver to take bends in a highly sporty style.

The chassis system Dynamic Drive also reduces roll movements of the BMW 5-Series Security on bends to a minimum. In this way, both agility and comfort is increased at all speed ranges, as well as providing optimum selfsteering and load alteration response. The optional feature Active Steering is also available: this varies steering transmission in relation to road speed. At low speeds, Active Steering enables the vehicle to be manoeuvred into a parking space with very little movement of the steering wheel, for example, while at high speeds a more indirect steering response optimises drive stability.

Optimum visibility: Xenon headlamps, BMW Night Vision and camera systems.

The BMW 5-Series Security can be optionally fitted with xenon headlamps and Adaptive Headlight. This ensures that curves in the road are illuminated accordingly. The swivel direction of the headlamps is derived from the position of the steering wheel, the yaw rate and the speed of the vehicle. This feature also includes the turning light function, which adapts the direction of illumination at speeds of less than 40 km/h.

What is more, visibility on straight stretches of road is optimised by the new variable light distribution function. This innovative control system, which like the turning light is part of the special equipment feature Adaptive Headlight, automatically enlarges the field of vision by specifically expanding the light cone in relation to the road speed. In urban light mode at speeds under 50 km/h, identification of objects on the left-hand side of the road is facilitated by means of a wider light distribution, for example. In motorway light mode, the field of vision is expanded by an elongation of the light cone and a more intensive illumination of the area to the left. As soon as the driver activates the fog lamps in addition, the variable light distribution function applies a wider light distribution in the speed range up to 70 km/h, as well as brightening the area close to the vehicle. At higher speeds, both the breadth and range of the light is increased.

An even higher degree of safety for nocturnal driving is provided by the optionally available system BMW Night Vision. The core of this system is a thermal image camera which detects people, animals and objects at the edge of the road at a distance of 300 metres and transmits a contrasting image to the central Control Display which is also used by the navigation system. In this way, the driver's attention is drawn to possible dangers which cannot be identified with the naked eye.

An additional option for the BMW 5-Series Security is a rear view camera. This video system facilitates parking and manoeuvring in spaces where this limited room or poor visibility. The high-resolution images of the rear view camera with wide-angle lens are displayed by the system in colour and with optimised perspective on the Control Display. Interactive track lines also indicate to the driver the optimum steering angle and tightest possible turning circle. Early detection of dangerous situations ahead of the vehicle is facilitated by the innovative system Side View. It operates using two cameras integrated in the front wheel arches which allow early observation of sideon traffic. The images from these cameras are transferred to the Control Display and not only offer an additional convenience when manoeuvring the vehicle but also provide an advance view of what is happening to the left and right of the vehicle when exiting driveways with limited space or poor visibility or when driving out of a multi-storey car park.

Security technology off the production line: Intercom system and alarm system.

The BMW 5-Series Security is fitted with an intercom system and an attack alarm. This means that it is possible to hold conversations with people outside the vehicle without having to open doors and windows. When the attack alarm is triggered, windows and doors are automatically locked, and both acoustic and visual alarm signals are set off.

The standard range of equipment also includes sun blinds for the rear and side windows which obstruct the view into the passenger area, as well as two side airbags at the rear. At the front, the BMW 5-Series Security is fitted with front, pelvis and thorax airbags as well as curtain airbags at the side.

Virtually all the other comfort options available for the BMW 5-Series are likewise available for the BMW 5-Series Security. In addition, individual wishes can be taken into account which go beyond the special equipment program and the integrated protection features. In this way, the sedan combines the outstandingly high level of security ensured by the integrated protective features with extensive individualisation options.

Accident Lawyers Information

Abramowitz, Pomerantz & Coffey, P.A.

- Serving Fort Lauderdale, Sunrise, Miami and Broward County
- Broward & Miami-Dade County Personal Injury & Wrongful Death Lawyers.
- Auto Accidents, Truck Accidents, Motorcycle Accidents & Pedestrian Accidents.

Many of us know someone who has been injured or killed in an auto, truck, motorcycle or pedestrian accident. An average of 110 people die each day in car crashes on U.S. roadways. Many auto accidents are caused by distracted drivers (talking on the phone or texting), while other accidents may be caused by drunk drivers, road construction or defective vehicles. For many drivers and passengers it is often not a matter of if, but when.

According to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration, on average, there are more than 6 million car accidents on the U.S. roads annually. More than 3 million people get injured due to car accidents, with more than 2 million of these injuries being permanent. There are in excess of 40,000 deaths due to car accidents every year.

Such injuries and death often leave the victims and their families devastated and understandably confused about what to do next. Insurance companies often look out for their own best interest, not the policy holder (denied claims, bad faith). The experienced lawyers at Abramowitz, Pomerantz & Coffey will help you understand and navigate the complex details of your auto claim including your insurance policy, personal injury protection (PIP) benefits, and the issues that occur with uninsured or underinsured motorists who do not have sufficient coverage.

At Abramowitz, Pomerantz & Coffey, P.A. we uncover every opportunity for recovery by rolling up our sleeves, conducting thorough research, using the latest technology, out-of-the-box-thinking, and having personal knowledge of case law. We look beyond the initial accident in appropriate cases, to possible manufacturing defects, design defects or the manufacturer’s failure to warn consumers of known dangers with the vehicle.

We handle everything from the simple auto accidents to automotive crashworthiness cases, including but not limited to: auto accidents, truck accidents, motorcycle accidents, bicycle accidents, pedestrian accidents, work zone accidents, highway design accidents, insurance coverage issues, tire defects, defective airbags, defective seatbelts and SUV rollovers.

For more information or to discuss your potential auto or truck accident claim, at no cost or obligation, contact us or call us at 954-572-7200. We welcome your inquiries.

Fort Lauderdale Litigation Law Firm focusing on personal injury and wrongful death, auto accidents, catastrophic injuries, medical malpractice, defective products, premises liability and defective drugs throughout the United States and Florida including Fort Lauderdale, Coral Springs, Plantation, Margate, Weston, Hollywood, North Miami Beach, South Miami, Coral Gables, and Palm Beach, Broward and Miami-Dade counties.

Friday, July 27, 2012

2008 BMW 635d Coupe Auto Insurance Information

2008 BMW 635d Coupe
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2008 BMW 635d Coupe
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BMW 635d Coupe

Featuring highly attractive modifications to their characteristic design, an interior further refined in many details and boasting new color highlights, as well as innovations in drive technology and driver assistance and safety systems, the new BMW 6 Series Coupe and the BMW 6 Series Convertible offer a greater thrill and more style than ever before.

Indeed, through their looks and style, combined with cutting-edge technology, both models are authentic representations of the classic Grand Touring automobile featuring modern highlights together with classic qualities.

Brilliant performance is delivered by the eight-cylinder power unit featured in the BMW 650i Coupe and the BMW 650i Convertible. Developing 360 hp from an engine capacity of 4.8 liters, this power unit allows truly dynamic performance combined with incomparable smoothness and refinement.

The new six-speed automatic sports transmission is tailored perfectly to the character of the BMW 6 Series, combining comfortable cruising with the option at any time to use the full power and muscle of the engine for all-out acceleration and driving dynamics.

Style and sport are indeed inherent characteristics of the BMW 6 Series: either as an elegant Sports Coupe in the proud tradition of a genuine Grand Touring Coupe or as a dynamic Luxury Convertible enabling the driver and passengers to enjoy the wind rushing by in an incomparable manner. Both models combine their strengths with the convincing everyday driving qualities of a large and spacious 2+2-seater.

The BMW 6 Series Coupe and Convertible stand for a heritage of no less than 70 years dedicated to the thrill of mobility and success in motorsport. Cars such as the BMW 327/328 Coupe, the BMW 3200 CS, the BMW 3.0 CSi and the first generation of the BMW 6 Series to this day represent the unique combination of elegance and competition-oriented sportiness so characteristic of BMW.

The history of dynamic driving pleasure with nothing but the sky above was originally introduced in the BMW 327 Convertible, the BMW 335 Convertible, and the BMW 503 Convertible, all of them milestones in technology and design, with a strong and lasting impact on the ongoing development of the brand and its products.

The 6 Series today also plays a significant role within BMW's model portfolio. It is indeed the benchmark for innovation, and a powerful expression of progress in technology. Cars of this kind establish a particularly active relationship between the manufacturer and the customer, with the dedicated 6 Series owner showing a clear preference for the BMW brand and, at the same time, a strong affinity for innovations in technology, premium quality, and individual style.

An attitude of this kind creates a particularly close relationship with the product and its features not only prior to, but also after purchasing the car. Innovations of this standard endorsed and acknowledged by the critical customer of this caliber have the potential to define the progress of the entire brand. This, in turn, makes the BMW 6 Series a role model not only in design, but also in its control and operating concept, its comfort functions, chassis and suspension technology, and driver assistance systems.

Having built over 75,500 cars within the past three years is impressive proof of the close link between the BMW brand and the tradition of the sophisticated, top-quality Grand Touring automobile. In this segment, facing keen competition from a number of high-ranking competitors, the BMW 6 Series, measured in terms of registration figures, ranks a proud second among all luxury sports cars the world over. In other words, right from the start it immediately left the competition with comparable all-round qualities far behind.

Clearly dynamic: new highlights in exterior design.

The BMW 6 Series boasts powerful innovations characteristic of the brand and its leadership over the competition not merely through the cars' power unit. For in their design and style, both the 6 Series Coupe and the 6 Series Convertible offer a level of quality only the development process applied by the BMW Group is able to achieve.

While the engineers responsible for developing the drivetrain benefit from skills and the art of engineering going back decades in enhancing the level of perfection through new technologies such as EfficientDynamics, the success of BMW design lies in the ability to interpret the traditional values of the brand with supreme creativity in looking into the future. Hence, the design and styling of the BMW 6 Series clearly reflect the highly dynamic, refined, top-quality and progressive technical standard of the car as a truly authentic rendition of this supreme standard.

The overall design and look of both models, offering perfect harmony and balance to the last detail, is borne out in particular by the sculptural look of both cars, providing a perfect match of all lines and design features. Indeed, the smooth, uninterrupted flow of all characteristic lines on the 6 Series ensures harmonious interplay of the front section, the sides and rear sections of the car, the generous and powerfully curved surfaces all coming together to provide a harmonious picture to be admired in its sporting elegance and dynamic class from every angle and every perspective.

Offering this unique design language, the BMW 6 Series Coupe stands out as a modern and innovative interpretation of the classic Grand Touring Coupe. And in the same way, the BMW 6 Series Convertible, through its design, is a proud symbol of sporting and elegant driving pleasure with nothing but the sky above.

Powerful and full of presence from every perspective.

Both the Coupe and Convertible now make an even more powerful and striking stance on the road. The strong lines extending all the way from the A-pillars along the entire engine compartment lid to the BMW kidney grille and forming a dynamic arrow further emphasized by the powerfully chiseled bars in the lower air intake.

The air intake itself is even wider than on the former model and borders at the bottom on a new contour edge significantly highlighting the wide track of the car. The newly designed directional indicators, in turn, featuring LED light units with a crystalline effect, provide an even more distinctive signal than before.

Through their striking contours, the headlights give the front end of the BMW 6 Series a clear, focused look, new light technology adding further brilliance. Featured as standard, the bi-xenon dual round headlights are covered by a layer of clear glass at the surface, their corona rings now offering BMW's typical daytime driving light function.

With its long wheelbase, the long and sleek engine compartment lid, the greenhouse moved far to the back and the low roofline tapering out gently to the rear of the car, the BMW 6 Series has all the proportions of a classic Coupe. And thanks to its unique finned roof, the BMW 6 Series Convertible also offers the same, dynamically stretched silhouette.

The light edge on the side-sills is even more pronounced and distinctive than before on the new BMW 6 Series, offering extra volume and contours to highlight the sporting character of the car. The new metallic paint colors Deep Sea Blue and Space Gray, as well as new light-alloy rims, offer further options in rounding off the sporting elegance of the new BMW 6 Series according to the customer's individual preferences.

In the process of modifying the rear end of the car, BMW's designers have harmoniously continued and enhanced the concept of ongoing lines extending around the entire vehicle. The section of the luggage compartment lid beneath the spoiler lip is even more concave in design than before, rising up less steeply to provide not only a more dynamic look, but also more distinctive light/shade contrasts, making the entire rear end of the car look even lower and more dynamic.

On both the Coupe and Convertible, the additional brake light is now integrated in the spoiler lip. The inner structure of the rear lights has also been modified to reflect the new lines of the car, with all light sources now being LED units.

The harmony of lines on the luggage compartment lid, the rear lights and reflectors is likewise more intense and striking than before, the line formed by the lower edge of the rear spoiler sweeping gently downwards, where it is taken up by the outer contour of the rear lights. Then, following the design of the lights, the spoiler line, while still moving down, sweeps to the inside, where it is taken up by the contour of the low, even more stretched-out and sleeker reflectors.

BMW 6 Series all the way: harmony of design outside and inside.

The stylish and elegant dynamism of the car's exterior design continues smoothly and harmoniously within the interior of the BMW 6 Series. Bearing a clear analogy to the exterior design of the car, the concept of dynamic harmony forms clear, flowing lines and tense, muscular surfaces. As an example, the sweeping cover above the dashboard starting beneath the windscreen extends back on both sides in an ongoing, dynamic line leading into the door panels and surrounding the armrests. Both the driver and front passenger are therefore enveloped by tense, even exciting design elements continuing all the way to the center console between the rear seats, thus emphasizing both the sophisticated style and elegance of the interior in a genuine visual and tangible experience.

The unique nature of the new BMW 6 Series is enhanced by appropriate refinements in the quality of materials on specific controls and instruments finished in new Chrome Pearl Grey Design as well as new colors for the interior trim and upholstery.

As an alternative to the standard aluminum trim, optional interior trim strips made of grained maple wood or dark birch wood give the interior either a technical and progressive feel or a sophisticated, stylish and elegant look.

Optional finish in Pearl exclusive leather, with additional leather on the armrests, the door grab handles and the center console, is now also available in Chateau Red and in a new upholstery color, Saddle Brown.

Featuring a combination of leather and Pearl Grey chrome, the iDrive Controller matches the look of the new rotary buttons, thus additionally enhancing the overall harmony of the car's design.

Precise control of the system is further facilitated by a ring around the Controller made of extra-hard rubber, and to ensure even more intuitive use, the iDrive control system in the new BMW 6 Series comes complete with six programmable memory keys allowing direct access to selected functions, such as a favorite phone number or navigation destination.

Unparalleled supremacy: the eight-cylinder in the BMW 6 Series.

Once again, the eight-cylinder power unit in the new BMW 6 Series marks the pinnacle in superior power and performance. The 4.8-liter engine develops maximum output of 360 hp at an engine speed of 6,300 rpm, with peak torque of 360 lb-ft at 3,400 rpm.

This cutting-edge aluminium power unit features throttle-free VALVETRONIC valve control, variable double-VANOS camshaft management on the intake and exhaust side, as well as an intake manifold switching to two different settings. Benefiting from these highlights in technology, the eight-cylinder offers superior smoothness and refinement, an immediate and direct response, and a truly powerful torque curve.

The new BMW 650i Coupe accelerates to 60 miles per hour in 5.3 seconds (with manual transmission) while the BMW 650i Convertible completes the same exercise in 5.6 seconds. Engine management, in turn, limits the top speed of both models to 250 km/h or 155 mph.

Fuel economy and emissions optimized on all models.

A wide range of fuel-saving features in and around the engine also serve to make all of the power unit in the new BMW 6 Series even more efficient. One example is the Varioserv steering assistance pump that ensures particularly efficient steering support and assistance according to the driver's current requirements.

Further new technologies serving to save fuel provide their superior effect without any intervention by the driver. The belt drive for the a/c compressor, for example, comes with its own clutch automatically disconnecting the compressor as soon as the driver switches off the air conditioning.

New automatic sports transmission and shift paddles on the steering wheel.

Engine power on the new BMW 650i is transmitted to the rear wheels in standard trim by a six-speed manual gearbox. Optionally available, at no charge, is BMW's newly developed six-speed Sports Automatic transmission, combining supreme comfort with extremely fast reaction and gearshift times in genuine Grand Touring style. Further advantages are the direct connection of the automatic transmission to the engine and, as a result, dynamic conversion of engine power into driving pleasure and performance.

The driver controls the Sport Automatic by means of an electronic gear selector lever, moving the lever briefly to the left from position D in order to activate the manual gearshift mode. This allows the driver to shift gears either via the gear selector lever or manually in sequential mode by means of paddles on the steering wheel. A further option is to shift gears manually directly from the paddles. Pressing the Sports button positioned behind the gear selector lever, the driver is able to enjoy an even faster and dynamic gearshift. A further benefit is that the Sports button also modifies the progressive action of the gas pedal and, in conjunction with the car's standard steering, the Servotronic control map, providing optimum conditions for dynamic acceleration.

All-aluminum suspension for enhanced agility, safety and comfort.

Both the BMW 6 Series Coupe and the Convertible are characterized by sporting and superior driving characteristics at all times and under all conditions. Featuring a high-performance power unit, rear-wheel drive, excellent axle load distribution, and an ultra-modern all-aluminum suspension, the BMW 6 Series offers a supreme driving experience under all conditions. The principle of lightweight construction on the chassis and suspension, in turn, guarantees supreme stability on low weight and minimizes the car's unsprung masses.

The high-performance floating-caliper brakes with inner-vented brake discs are controlled hydraulically on the BMW 6 Series, now acting even faster and more precisely than before in guaranteeing maximum stability and full brake power at all times. 

Auto Insurance Information
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Wednesday, July 25, 2012

2013 BMW 7 ActiveHybrid Auto Insurance Information

2013 BMW 7 ActiveHybrid
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2013 BMW 7 ActiveHybrid
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BMW 7 ActiveHybrid

The new BMW 7-Series is set to reinforce its position as the most innovative sedan in the luxury segment. The flagship model series of the BMW fleet embodies sporting elegance, refined powertrain technology and luxurious comfort in equal measure. And now, by making a clear step up in terms of product substance, the Sedan is set to underline its leadership. New LED headlights, an upgraded interior with optimised soundproofing, markedly improved ride comfort, a comprehensive selection of optional equipment and state-of-the-art safety technology combine to create an in-car experience from the top drawer. A line-up of either new or optimised drive systems, including the world's most powerful six-cylinder in-line diesel engine and the second-generation BMW ActiveHybrid 7, set new performance and efficiency benchmarks.

Design: Stylish presence, unique equipment features, an unforgettable way to cover the miles

The BMW 7-Series meets the highest global standards when it comes to aesthetic appeal and innovative technology. In the luxury sedan segment it represents the epitome of athletic elegance and a supreme driving experience. The upgraded BMW 7-Series reaffirms its stylish presence and sporting prowess in 2012 through expressive new design features at the front and rear. Its dimensions have changed only marginally, but its eight-millimetre drop in overall height imbues its sweeping lines with extra expression and emphasises the perfect balance of the car's dynamic proportions.

All-new headlights sharpen the presence of the BMW 7-Series

From the front, the long, broad bonnet of the BMW 7-Series gives it an elegant and expressive profile. The precise contour lines of the bonnet draw the eye to the upright new BMW kidney grille as they extend forward. The grille's chrome surround is now larger, a change which - together with a new slat arrangement (nine slats instead of 12) - gives it greater prominence and reinforces the car's presence on the road. With their elegant accent strip and hallmark BMW corona rings, the optional new full-LED headlights accentuate the unmistakable appearance of the BMW 7-Series.

The large, full-width air intake dominating the lower section of the modified front apron is now split into three sections, a pair of chrome bars marking its outer sections and adding further depth to the car's sporty looks. Two narrow vertical air intakes sit beyond even the LED foglamps to the left and right of the wide intake. These are included as part of the "air curtain" technology, which lowers fuel consumption at higher speeds by forcing the air to flow more aerodynamically around the front wheels. The design of the air curtain therefore represents a fine technological advertisement for the BMW EfficientDynamics strategy.

Hallmark BMW proportions, such as a long wheelbase, short front overhang, long, sweeping bonnet and set-back passenger compartment with a coupe-like roofline, define the sporting and elegant silhouette of the BMW 7-Series. A new design feature that stands out from the side is the indicator integrated into the lower section of each exterior mirror, which makes the car easier to see and therefore safer to drive.

The powerful rear of the BMW 7-Series exudes a feeling of sporting assurance. The horizontal lines and subdivision of the rear into several levels visually lowers the height of the car. The design of the brand's familiar L-shaped rear lights, linked by an eye-catching chrome strip, remains unchanged. They are, however, richer in contrast thanks to differing shades of red. A second, delicately sculpted chrome strip draws a visual connection between the two slim reflectors in the rear apron and gives the rear view a more exclusive and solid feel overall. Another slim chrome bar between the four chromed tailpipe embellishers in the rear apron is a distinguishing feature of the 12-cylinder flagship model.

Exclusive design for the new Rear Seat Entertainment package

The picture of stylish exclusivity and luxurious character is painted with equal clarity inside the new 7-Series. The interior possesses an undeniable air of quality and harmoniousness. Smoothly flowing forms, exquisite materials and stylish colour combinations determine the car's luxurious overall impression. Dakota leather and Nappa leather can now be ordered in Ivory White with the world colour Black and Veneto Beige with the world colour Veneto Beige. The outstanding build quality of the BMW 7-Series reflects the attention to detail of the car's creators, and evidence of the precise craftsmanship at work is striking.

A typical feature of BMW interiors is their unflinching focus on the driver - the way in which they gravitate ergonomically towards the person behind the wheel. In the new 7-Series, this includes the addition of newly designed, more slender front seats offering the best possible ergonomics, optimum lateral support and ultimate long-distance comfort. Sports seats and multifunction seats are also available in place of the standard items. The latter can be ordered with a folding table in the backrest or with the Rear Seat Entertainment package as an option. A brand-new feature are the 9.2-inch screens which, instead of being integrated into the front seats, appear to be "floating" on them. Their exclusive design takes its inspiration from the latest breed of flatscreen monitors, which gives them an extremely slight and lightweight look.

The new BMW 7-Series can be specified as an option with individual rear seats that can be adjusted to suit individual requirements. The backrest angle and seat position can both be varied, as can the position of the head restraints. The controls are the same as those for the front seats with memory function.

The long-wheelbase version of the BMW 7-Series provides the ideal platform on which to maximise long-distance comfort. All of the 140 millimetres added to the wheelbase of the standard-length 7-Series are used to lay on a calm and relaxed journey for the rear passengers in a first-class environment. Indeed, changes to the roofline of the long-wheelbase version create 10 millimetres of extra headroom in the rear.

Extending centre speaker adds to the audio experience

The optimum interior soundproofing of the BMW 7-Series takes the on-board experience another step towards perfection. Additional insulation materials in the B and C-pillars, skirts and boot area team up with intricate sealing around the window frames and exterior mirrors to minimise driving noise. All of which brings the sound experience generated by the new Bang & Olufsen High End Surround Sound System even more powerfully to the fore. The 1,200-watt music system is hooked up to 16 speakers, some of which are positioned behind illuminated, satin-finish aluminium grilles sited in the mirror triangles of the doors and the parcel shelf. The most attention-seizing member of the speaker line-up is the illuminated centre speaker which extends out of the instrument panel and uses B&O Acoustic Lens Technology. Its distinctive form guarantees perfect sound quality in every seat. When the music system is switched off, the centre speaker retreats back into the instrument panel almost without trace. Meanwhile, the new ambient lighting for the interior creates a pleasant ambience, especially at night. Footwell lights for the driver and front passenger and indirect roof liner illumination via lights integrated into the B-pillars further enhance the feeling of well-being. The colour of the ambient light can be altered according to taste.

New screen experience: the multifunctional instrument display

A particular highlight of the BMW 7-Series is the multifunctional instrument display, which makes its debut appearance on the options list. In place of the traditional instrument cluster - in which four circular analogue dials keep the driver informed of the car's speed, engine revs, fuel level and oil temperature -an almost seamlessly integrated 10.25-inch display provides a totally new and appealing screen experience consciously inspired by the looks of the latest electronic devices.

While the familiar format of four circular instruments is retained here, the extended black-panel technology hands the driver a whole new set of display options. For example, the display shows varying information and different colour and mood worlds in the COMFORT, SPORT and ECO PRO driving experience modes, ensuring greater safety and efficiency and demonstrating an exemplary focus on the driver. The information shown is tailored to the driving mode currently engaged and therefore changes accordingly. All of which means the display the driver sees in the instrument cluster is always the optimum one for the driving situation at hand.

While COMFORT mode brings a classic layout with four solid circular instruments, in ECO PRO and SPORT modes the rings open to offer additional space for extra information between the two instruments. In ECO PRO mode the display turns blue in colour and the rev counter morphs into an Efficient Dynamics display to show how efficiently the car is being driven. Here drivers can monitor how hard they have their foot on the accelerator, how much fuel the car is currently using and whether any energy is being recovered through recuperation. If they are pressing too forcefully on the accelerator, the full display turns grey and alerts them to the amount of fuel they are burning unnecessarily. A speedometer zoom function can also be activated in ECO PRO and COMFORT modes. This enlarges the position of the speedo needle as if a magnifying glass were being passed over it, making it even easier to see.

In SPORT mode the display takes on a signature BMW orange hue. This display mode purposefully retains a very puristic look and only shows the driver the most essential information, so that he can maintain maximum concentration on the road ahead. The speedometer shows the car's speed in digital form only with a large, centrally positioned figure, while the gear currently engaged is boldly displayed in the middle of the rev counter if the driver is shifting manually using the steering wheel paddles. As well as the changes in colour, the displays in the instrument cluster also deliver additional information tailored to the situation at hand - such as status and function updates, Check/Control messages and navigation instructions - which drivers can call up as and when they wish.

Control Display

The introduction of the new multifunctional instrument display is accompanied by a technical and stylistic update for the central Control Display positioned between the driver and front passenger. A black surround lends the recessed 10.25-inch display additional visual depth, which has the effect of making it look even larger. Vertical electroplated bars border the screen to the sides and add extra visual flourishes which the electroplated surrounds for the cupholder lids carry over into the centre console.

Powertrain and chassis: Even more ways to enjoy refined power delivery, enhanced efficiency and a step up in comfort

The new BMW 7-Series is poised to strengthen its position even further as the most innovative sedan in the luxury segment. New and comprehensively revised engine variants set new standards in terms of performance and efficiency. All the engines available for the new 7-Series team up with an intelligent eight-speed automatic transmission and distinguish themselves with significantly reduced fuel consumption and emissions. The Auto Start-Stop function, Brake Energy Regeneration and the second-generation Driving Experience Control switch with ECO PRO mode offer additional potential for fuel-saving. Carefully optimised suspension and Electric Power Steering for all rear-wheel-drive models also take driving comfort to a new level, while self-levelling air suspension for the rear axle likewise comes as standard on all models.

Alongside the flagship BMW 760i with 12-cylinder powerplant and the entry-level engine in the BMW 730i (not available in all markets), customers can choose from the new six-cylinder in-line unit powering the BMW 740i and the revised V8 petrol engine in the BMW 750i. The six-cylinder diesel engines in the BMW 730d and BMW 740d also offer drivers the combination of increased output and lower fuel consumption. Making its debut, meanwhile, is the new BMW 750d xDrive. Under its bonnet lies the new TwinPower Turbo six-cylinder diesel engine - the world's most powerful diesel engine of its kind. Rounding off the range is the second-generation BMW ActiveHybrid 7 with new six-cylinder in-line engine and significantly reduced emissions.

BMW 760i: refined 12-cylinder engine still top of the tree

The V12 engine with BMW TwinPower Turbo technology, direct petrol injection and continuously variable camshaft control represents the pinnacle of the BMW 7-Series engine range - no change there. The all-aluminium powerplant generates output of 400 kW/544 hp from its 5,972 cc displacement and makes peak torque of 750 Newton metres (553 lb-ft) available as low down as 1,500 rpm. That's enough to propel the BMW 760i effortlessly from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 4.6 seconds and on to an electronically limited top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). With average fuel economy of 12.8 litres per 100 kilometres (22.1 mpg) and CO2 emissions of 299 g/km, this most cultured of power merchants achieves unprecedented efficiency for its output class.

BMW 750i: eight-cylinder engine develops more power but burns less fuel

The revised V8 petrol engine under the bonnet of the BMW 750i is making its debut. The 4,395 cc eight-cylinder powerplant retains the impressively smooth assurance and spirited power delivery of its pre-update days. However, optimised high-pressure direct injection and reduced charge cycle losses - thanks in the main to the seamlessly variable control of intake valve lift - have pushed its performance potential to a higher level than its predecessor and substantially reduced its fuel economy and emissions. In its latest development stage, the engine generates peak output of 330 kW/450 hp (+ 10 %) and unleashes peak torque of 650 Newton metres / 479 lb-ft (+ 8.5 %) between 2,000 and 4,500 rpm. The engine teams up with the eight-speed automatic transmission, allowing the BMW 750i to sprint from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 4.8 seconds and progress on to an electronically governed top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). The eight-cylinder engine belies its improved performance with better efficiency than ever; with overall fuel consumption of 8.6 litres per 100 kilometres (32.9 mpg) and CO2 emissions recorded at 199 g/km, the BMW 750i trumps its less powerful predecessor by a clear 25 per cent. In the Chinese market, the BMW 750i is powered by a 4-litre variant of the engine offering 300 kW/408 hp and 600 Newton metres (443 lb-ft) of torque.

BMW 740i: new six-cylinder petrol engine boasts outstanding efficiency

The 3-litre six-cylinder in-line engine stands out with its majestic power and unparalleled high-revving character. The state-of-the-art powerplant is one of the first wave of highly efficient petrol engines to bring together BMW TwinPower Turbo technology with High Precision Direct Petrol Injection, twin-scroll turbocharging, Double-Vanos variable camshaft timing and Valvetronic variable valve timing. Peak output of 235 kW/320 hp and a maximum 450 Newton metres (332 lb-ft) of torque on tap as low down as 1,300 rpm make this ultra-refined engine the performance equal of the outgoing BMW 740i. However, fuel economy in the EU test cycle is an impressive 7.9 litres per 100 kilometres (35.8 mpg) while CO2 emissions of 184 grams per kilometre represent a 21 per cent reduction in its predecessor's output.

BMW 730i: entry-level engine variant with reduced fuel consumption (not available in all markets)

This proven 3-litre straight-six petrol engine develops, as before, 190 kW/258 hp and maximum torque of 310 Newton metres (229 lb-ft) at 2,600 rpm. Linking up with the new eight-speed automatic transmission allows the BMW 730i to exploit additional fuel-saving potential; average fuel economy stands at 8.6 litres per 100 km (32.9 mpg), while CO2 emissions of 199 grams per kilometres are 13 per cent below the level recorded by its predecessor working with a six-speed transmission.

BMW 750d xDrive: new range-topping TwinPower Turbo six-cylinder diesel engine with intelligent all-wheel drive

The brand-new top-of-the-line diesel powerplant under the bonnet of the BMW 750d xDrive provides fresh evidence of BMW's pre-eminence in the area of engine technology. The world's most powerful six-cylinder in-line diesel engine grabs the headlines with its innovative and unique technology, and imbues the luxury sedan with impressive dynamics and outstanding efficiency.

The remarkable TwinPower Turbo technology at the heart of the six-cylinder unit works with three turbochargers and a further developed common rail injection system for the first time in order to optimise the engine's output, torque and responsiveness. The precisely coordinated management of the turbochargers ensures that the 3-litre high-performance diesel engine develops imposing pulling power across the full rev range - and all with an exceptionally high level of efficiency. The first charger starts work at just over idle so the combustion chambers can be supplied at an early stage. At 1,500 rpm a larger high-pressure turbo kicks in to help the engine reach its maximum torque. Finally, the third turbocharger joins the fray at 2,700 rpm and ensures particularly impressive power delivery until maximum revs are reached. Piezo injectors spray the fuel into the combustion chambers at up to 2,200 bar, with three pre-injections, one main injection and four post-injections of fuel during each power stroke ensuring efficient and clean combustion.

This enviable engine technology enables the six-cylinder in-line powerplant to produce maximum output of 280 kW/381 hp and impressive peak torque of 740 Newton metres (546 lb-ft) from as low down as 2,000 rpm, endowing the BMW 750d xDrive with extraordinary thrust. Indeed, the Sedan races from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in only 4.9 seconds. The engine's vast reserves of power also give it a compelling elasticity. Equally impressive as its performance capability, however, are the efficiency benefits of the BMW diesel technology on board; the Sedan posts fuel economy of 6.4 litres per 100 kilometres (44.1 mpg) in the EU test cycle, which means CO2 emissions are also suitably low at 169 g/km. Plus, BMW BluePerformance technology enables the new flagship diesel to meet the EU6 exhaust gas standard comfortably ahead of time.

The permanent, electronically controlled all-wheel drive of the BMW 750i xDrive ensures the power from this range-topping diesel finds its way safely onto the road at all times by dividing engine power between the front and rear wheels in response to the situation at hand. The system's precision and rapid responses help give the Sedan stable and dynamic driving characteristics even under demanding conditions.

BMW 740d: further reduction in fuel consumption and emissions

The rigorous further development of BMW TwinPower Turbo technology has also given the dynamics and efficiency of the familiar six-cylinder in-line diesel engine a boost. At 230 kW/313 hp, the maximum output of the 3-litre six-cylinder diesel is five kilowatts higher than its predecessor's, while peak torque of 630 Newton metres / 465 lb-ft (+ 30 Nm / 22 lb-ft) comes on stream at 1,500 rpm. Added to which, thermodynamic optimisations sharpen the diesel model's responses and enhance its agility. Linking up with the new eight-speed automatic transmission, the more powerful BMW 740d manages to record even lower fuel consumption of 5.7 litres per 100 kilometres (49.6 mpg) to go with CO2 emissions of 149 g/km. That's a 17 per cent improvement on its predecessor.

BMW 730d: cleanest diesel in the luxury segment, emitting just 148 g/km

Another round of fuel consumption and emissions reductions sees the BMW 730d building on its position as the world's most economical luxury sedan with the lowest emissions. Peak output of the 3-litre six-cylinder diesel engine, whose construction mirrors that of the engine in the BMW 740d, has increased by 10 kilowatts to 190 kW/258 hp. And its maximum torque has also risen to 560 Newton metres / 413 lb-ft (+ 20 Nm / 15 lb-ft). However, average fuel economy of 5.6 litres per 100 kilometres (50.4 mpg) in the EU test cycle and CO2 emissions of just 148 g/km allow it to outperform its predecessor - married to a six-speed automatic transmission - by 17 per cent. Specifying the engine with the optionally available BluePerformance technology equips it to meet the EU6 standard.

BMW xDrive: available as an option for the BMW 750i, BMW 740d and BMW 730d

BMW xDrive intelligent all-wheel drive makes the BMW 7-Series Sedan an even more attractive proposition. In addition to the typical benefits of all-wheel drive, the electronically controlled xDrive system - which can vary the power distribution between the front and rear wheels with split-second speed - ensures top-class traction, safety and handling, and optimal power management whatever the weather and road conditions. The system has been set up to deliver greater agility and precision through corners as well, offers an ideal combination of dynamism and comfort, and provides the perfect basis for a refined driving experience.

BMW ActiveHybrid 7: second generation with six-cylinder petrol engine

As BMW continues to push ahead with the development of intelligent hybrid drive systems, the second generation of the BMW ActiveHybrid 7 is set to celebrate its premiere in 2012. The updated model sets itself apart with lower fuel consumption and emissions, as well as innovative auxiliary functions. This latest evolution stage uses a six-cylinder in-line engine displaying impressive high-revving characteristics, torque and efficiency. The cutting-edge petrol engine with BMW TwinPower Turbo technology is the 235 kW/320 hp variant of the unit fitted in the new BMW 740i and replaces the eight-cylinder engine used up to now. Other hybrid components include the 40 kW/55 hp synchronous electric motor, the hybrid-spec eight-speed automatic transmission, a lithium-ion high-performance battery and power electronics underpinning intelligent energy management. The various components come together into a powerful and harmonious whole, giving the new BMW ActiveHybrid 7 exceptional dynamics and an outstanding balance between performance and fuel economy - and not only in relation to its predecessor.

With system output of 260 kW/354 hp and peak torque of 500 Newton metres (369 lb-ft), the new BMW ActiveHybrid 7 accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 5.7 seconds. At the same time, the Sedan posts average fuel economy of 6.8 litres per 100 kilometres (41.5 mpg) and CO2 emissions of 158 g/km. That means the more powerful hybrid technology uses some 14 per cent less fuel than a BMW 740i with a conventional drive system.

A host of innovative functions are involved in enhancing the car's dynamics and achieving the excellent efficiency of the overall system. For example, the electric motor hands the six-cylinder an extra 210 Newton metres (155 lb-ft) of torque through the boost function, should the driver need to nail a quick sprint or call on some hard mid-range acceleration. In addition, Brake Energy Regeneration, the Hybrid Start Stop function, ECO PRO mode with coasting function and proactive analysis - to prepare the car's drive system in advance for upcoming situations on the road - ensure the available energy is used as efficiently as possible (more details in the "BMW EfficientDynamics" chapter). The new BMW ActiveHybrid 7 can also run purely on electric power. If the hybrid battery has sufficient charge and the driver goes easy on the accelerator, the car can cover a distance of up to four kilometres (just under 2.5 miles) almost silently and without producing any tailpipe emissions. The top speed possible using electric power alone is 60 km/h (37 mph).

Innovative eight-speed automatic gearbox now fitted as standard

For the year 2012 BMW is fitting all 7-Series models with the extremely effective eight-speed automatic transmission previously reserved for the BMW 760i, BMW 740d xDrive and BMW ActiveHybrid 7. Its additional ratios allow the gearbox to combine unbeatable shift comfort and efficiency, while at the same time aiding the dynamic qualities of the BMW 7-Series Sedan. With its intelligent control technology, the eight-speed transmission boasts extremely fast shift and reaction times and direct downshift capability. The electronic transmission controller can also alter the shift characteristics as required, to cater either for a more sporty or for a more relaxed, fuel-saving driving style.

Despite a larger overall spread, eight ratios mean that the spacing between them is smaller, so that the optimal ratio is available in virtually all situations. The close ratios deliver refined and powerful acceleration as well as smooth and fuel-efficient low-rpm operation. Altogether, then, as well as providing dynamic acceleration and smooth shifting, the new eight-speed automatic also allows drivers to maintain a very economical driving style.

The chassis: optimised set-up and extended standard specification noticeably enhance comfort levels for the driver and passengers

Dynamic performance, ride comfort and active safety are again among the stand-out qualities of the BMW 7-Series Sedan in the year 2012. Sophisticated chassis technology plays a key role here, providing the ideal partner for the refinement and power of the drive systems. A host of measures give the ride comfort of the Sedan a noticeable boost. Complementing the optimised chassis set-up - with modified rubber bearings and new dampers - and the self-levelling air suspension for the rear axle, Electric Power Steering is a standard feature of the models with rear-wheel drive. State-of-the-art electronic control systems with likewise retuned software help to enhance the long-distance attributes of the BMW 7-Series Sedan and ensure that the new edition of the car makes travelling on board even more pleasurable in terms of both dynamics and comfort.

Dynamics made even more comfortable: double-wishbone front axle and integral-V rear axle with self-levelling air suspension

The front axle of the BMW 7-Series Sedan is based on the familiar aluminium double-wishbone construction combining maximum rigidity and minimised weight. The patent-protected integral-V rear axle of the BMW 7-Series Sedan is also made from aluminium. The use of modified ball joints, stiffer hydraulic dampers, new rubber bearings and carefully tuned elastokinematics has allowed the engineers to minimise vibrations and therefore bring about a perceptible improvement in onboard comfort levels. By effectively cutting the link between the road surfaces and the drive system, the rear axle also allows the driver and passengers to enjoy excellent acoustic comfort and impressively low vibrations.

All BMW 7-Series models are now kitted out with high-comfort rear axle air suspension, which keeps the car riding at a constant height no matter what kind of driving conditions it encounters and regardless of the loads you have on board. This automatic self-levelling suspension responds to any change in load by adjusting the suspension at the relevant wheel. This means that only small interventions are required in response to spring movements caused by road imperfections and cornering tilt.

Always on the safe side: the lightweight braking system and advanced electronic control systems

The compound braking system with lightweight, inner-vented swing-calliper disc brakes provides outstanding deceleration in any situation and brakes the Sedan to a standstill in a very short space of time, even from high speeds. In so doing, the system also offers extremely high resistance to fade as well as unbeatable braking comfort. The braking system is backed up by various state-of-the-art electronic safety systems which are integrated into the Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) package and assist the dynamic performance and active safety of the luxury sedan to equal effect. DSC incorporates the Anti-lock Braking System (ABS), Automatic Stability Control (ASC), Dynamic Traction Control (DTC), Dynamic Brake Control (DBC) and Cornering Brake Control (CBC), along with Start-Off Assistant, brake drying and an electronic limited slip function for the rear differential, which can be activated using the "DSC Off" button.

Dynamics and ride comfort to suit the occasion: Dynamic Damper Control, Dynamic Drive and the Driving Experience Control switch with ECO PRO mode

The BMW 7-Series is the world's first car to come with an electronically controlled damping system whose dampers are adjusted at each wheel individually according to the condition of the road surface and driving style. The compression and rebound settings are adjusted continuously and independently from one another. For example, a stiff chassis setting can be combined with comfortable responses to unevenness in the road surface. The damper settings can be pre-set by the driver using the Driving Experience Control switch. Optimised software tuning improves ride comfort while also giving agility an extra boost.

The Dynamic Drive roll stabilisation system available for the BMW 7-Series reduces, among other things, body roll in high-speed corners and under sudden changes in direction. Sensors calculate the amount of body roll and this is then counteracted quickly and precisely by rotary actuators in the front and rear axle stabilisers. The Sedan's steering behaviour and load alteration effect are also adjusted as required in this way. This system allows drivers to thread the car through corners with even greater agility and precision.

Driving Experience Control switch with ECO PRO mode and extended functions: extra sporty, comfortable or economical at the touch of a button

The new BMW 7-Series not only sets a new dynamic benchmark for luxury cars, it also raises the bar in the class when it comes to ride comfort. The driver can alter the overall character of the Sedan towards greater sportiness or comfort using the Driving Experience Control switch with ECO PRO mode. The distinction between the different driving modes is now even more pronounced. The Driving Experience Control switch with ECO PRO mode is part of the standard specification for all models, with the exception of the BMW 760i.

Using the Driving Experience Control switch, the driver is able to customise accelerator response characteristics, engine response, power steering characteristics and the Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) thresholds. Added to which, the Servotronic function, Integral Active Steering, the automatic transmission and Dynamic Damper Control are integrated into the system too. Using the simple-to-operate rocker switch on the centre console, drivers can choose between ECO PRO, COMFORT, SPORT and SPORT+ modes. Each of these predefined set-ups activates different settings for the relevant powertrain and chassis components. The clear ground between the various modes means the differences between them are now more easily perceptible. If the Integral Active Steering option has been specified, COMFORT+ mode is also available. This mode gains rear passengers, in particular, another noticeable increase in ride comfort.

Another button allows the driver to change the DSC settings. Selecting TRACTION mode, for example, makes it much easier to pull away on loose surfaces or in deep snow. In this mode, as well as in SPORT+, the Dynamic Stability Control thresholds are raised and Dynamic Traction Control (DTC) is activated. It is also possible to switch off DSC altogether.

The new ECO PRO mode, meanwhile, helps the BMW 7-Series driver to maintain an extra-efficient and economy-conscious driving style. It does this by changing the accelerator mapping so that the same pedal travel delivers less power than in the standard mode. Also in this mode, the transmission control strategy for the automatic gearbox is modified to bring forward upshifts and delay downshifts, while intelligent energy and climate management reduces mechanical power consumption and also the energy consumption of electrical systems such as heated mirrors and seats.

But the biggest factor influencing fuel consumption figures is the driver's own personal driving habits. That is why electronic systems provide tips and incentives on how to develop a more economy-conscious driving style for the situation at hand. Special displays in the instrument cluster let the driver know by how much the driving range is being extended and indicate his fuel consumption history. In ECO PRO mode, average fuel consumption can be reduced by up to 20 per cent, with a corresponding increase in driving range. Extended functions include the new coasting mode (with ECO PRO selected), plus proactive analysis of the driving situation and the subsequent advance preparation of the drive components (in the BMW ActiveHybrid 7). Both functions offer additional potential for fuel saving and are described in greater detail in the "BMW EfficientDynamics" chapter.

Premiere: Electric Power Steering included as standard

All new BMW 7-Series models - with the exception of the xDrive variants - come equipped with Electronic Power Steering (EPS), which uses an electric motor to provide steering assistance. EPS only operates when steering assistance is actually required: no electrical power is consumed during straightline driving or steady-state cornering. Noticeable attributes of this system include not only its high efficiency and low weight, but also high steering precision with good feedback, and comfort-enhancing self-centering and anti-roll characteristics. BMW 7-Series drivers also have the benefit of the steering system's standard Servotronic function, which has a more direct set-up overall and requires less steering effort.

Integral Active Steering provides maximum agility and comfort

Also available as an option for BMW 7-Series models with rear-wheel drive is Integral Active Steering, which combines the Active Steering system for the front wheels familiar from other model series with a steering rear axle. The steering angle and power assistance are controlled at both the front and the rear with the help of electric motors. Here, the optimised system control unit processes information on wheel rotation speeds, steering wheel movement, yaw rate and lateral acceleration to ensure optimum steering behaviour for the driving situation at hand. In addition, Integral Active Steering works with a variable steering ratio on the front axle, which makes parking and manoeuvring easier for the driver and enables impressive precision at higher speeds. In COMFORT+ mode, in particular, a new software set-up gives the car noticeably damped responses. This translates into a perception of greater comfort among those on board when changing lanes and driving through corners. Integral Active Steering - which is unique in this configuration - also improves the car's manoeuvrability and agility in the interests of enhanced ride comfort.

BMW EfficientDynamics: Increasing power and cutting-edge functions while lowering fuel consumption and emissions

The BMW 7-Series sets the standard to follow in a host of different ways, and it's as synonymous with silky smooth drive technology and luxurious comfort as it is with dynamic prowess. As further confirmation of the Sedan's superiority, a series of new and optimised drive variants are being brought out in 2012 which boast more than just stunning power and dynamism. A raft of measures have been implemented under the umbrella of the BMW EfficientDynamics development strategy to bring about a substantial reduction in the fuel consumption and emissions figures for the BMW 7-Series compared to the outgoing model. The BMW 750i and BMW 730d both deliver impressive evidence of this, with CO2 output having been cut by 25 and 17 per cent respectively despite their superior power. What's more, the entry-level diesel model successfully holds on to its status as the cleanest-running engine of its breed in its class. Finally, the second generation of the BMW ActiveHybrid 7 also continues in the same vein by further raising the bar for energy efficiency.

Top-calibre engineering: supremely efficient petrol and diesel units allied to a cutting-edge eight-speed automatic with an excellent efficiency factor

The petrol engines in the BMW 7-Series line-up are awash with state-of-the-art technologies, packaged together to create a superb piece of engineering. These include BMW TwinPower Turbo technology featuring twin-scroll turbocharging, High Precision Direct Petrol Injection, Double-Vanos variable camshaft timing and VALVETRONIC fully variable valve timing. The reduced-friction core engines, furthermore, come with a lightweight all-aluminium crankcase, which is a boon for both the efficiency and the agility of the BMW 7-Series.

The luxury sedan's BMW TwinPower Turbo diesel powerplants likewise showcase the very latest in BMW drive technology. With their latest-generation common rail direct injection, turbocharging and all-aluminium design, the cutting-edge diesel units are blessed with high pulling power, refined running and unsurpassed efficiency. The new range-topping diesel models - the BMW 750d xDrive and BMW 730d - go one better by offering advanced BMW BluePerformance technology, which enables them to easily undercut the EU6 emissions limits.

All engines in the BMW 7-Series are partnered by a highly sophisticated eight-speed automatic transmission, which stands out for its excellent efficiency, compact construction and innovative gearset design. Together with the minimised torque converter slip, high internal efficiency, low friction losses and intelligent transmission control, this creates substantial potential for fuel savings.

Auto Start-Stop, Brake Energy Regeneration, ECO PRO mode

All BMW 7-Series Sedans come equipped with an Auto Start-Stop function, which can cut fuel consumption by up to six per cent. The standard specification also includes Brake Energy Regeneration, meaning that power for the vehicle electrical system is only generated during overrun and braking phases where possible. When the engine is under load, the alternator can often be disengaged. This not only means that electricity can largely be generated with zero impact on fuel consumption, it also endows the luxury sedan with even livelier acceleration. Finally, the Driving Experience Control switch gives drivers the option of selecting the optimised ECO PRO mode which, by modifying the powertrain management and programming the heating and air conditioning, heated seats and exterior mirror heating to operate for optimum efficiency, fosters an economical driving style and reduces fuel consumption by as much as 20 per cent.

New: coasting mode, proactive driving assistant and advance preparation of hybrid drive system

The extended ECO PRO functionality includes the new coasting mode, which is designed to decouple the combustion engine when it is overrunning at speeds between 50 and 160 km/h (31 - 100 mph). With this mode activated, the BMW 7-Series Sedan is subject to a far lower rate of deceleration as it freewheels along the road with no engine braking effect and minimal fuel consumption. Through proactive driving, the kinetic energy built up by the vehicle can be harnessed in this way to achieve fuel savings of as much as five per cent. The coasting function is clearly visualised for the driver's benefit in the multifunctional instrument cluster and the information display, and can also be deactivated if desired.

With the exception of the BMW 760i, all engine variants feature a proactive driving assistant that can be switched on via the ECO PRO mode. Drawing on the latest navigation data, it recommends advance adjustment of the car's speed with the aim of saving fuel. These tips for more efficient driving are shown in the multifunctional instrument cluster and in the central Control Display.

The BMW ActiveHybrid 7 is also able to switch to coasting mode. In this case, the combustion engine switches off completely when overrunning, allowing the Sedan to glide along with zero local emissions. The system of intelligent energy management furthermore allows proactive analysis of the driving situation ahead with the aim of priming the hybrid drive components for maximum efficiency. This is achieved by integrating the power electronics with the standard-fitted Professional navigation system. Based on the data gleaned in this way, such as route topography, speed limits or traffic levels, the vehicle can be prepared in advance and the available energy deployed as efficiently as possible. For instance, a longer downhill stretch can be used to recharge the hybrid battery so that the vehicle can be driven on purely electrical power through a residential area on the "home straight".

On-demand control of ancillary units saves energy

Intelligent energy management in the BMW 7-Series is further enhanced by the ancillary units, which consume significantly less energy compared with conventional systems. Examples include the on-demand coolant pump, the electronically controlled oil pump and the new Electric Power Steering system, which offers potential savings of up to three per cent. The disengageable air conditioning compressor works on the same principle, minimising power drain by the system.

Intelligent lightweight design brings further reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions

Intelligent lightweight design is integrated into all areas of BMW vehicle development work and into all components, from the body and engine to the suspension. Besides high and ultra-high-tensile steels and plastics, state-of the-art composite materials are also employed. Finally, increased use of aluminium components in the engine and suspension systems as well as for the bodywork has also further reduced the weight of the relevant assemblies.

Aerodynamic streamlining

Reducing aerodynamic drag also helps to lower fuel consumption. As the excellent drag coefficient figure of cd = 0.28 would suggest, the aerodynamics of the BMW 7-Series have been finely honed in a state-of-the-art wind tunnel. The optimised aerodynamics also bring benefits for acoustic comfort and roadholding. In particular, the vehicle's underside plays an instrumental role in minimising lift forces, as the aerodynamically efficient design with streamlined panelling provides a high degree of sealing. Also, the front aprons are designed to create an "air curtain" effect which reduces turbulence around the front wheels - again reducing drag. The aerodynamically designed wheel arches and various air deflectors likewise have a fuel-saving effect.

BMW ConnectedDrive: The new benchmark for infotainment, convenience and safety

BMW ConnectedDrive once again demonstrates its technical superiority while highlighting the innovative prowess of the BMW 7-Series with a range of new functions and a matchless combination of driver assistance systems and mobility services. The intelligent link-up between driver, car and the outside world maximises in-vehicle convenience, infotainment and safety, with an extensive portfolio of features including several new highlights that serve to further strengthen the BMW 7-Series' claim to top spot in the luxury segment:

    The latest generation of the Professional navigation system: more powerful than ever and boasting numerous new functions, the top-of-the-range navigation system is now even better than before. Full 3D menu displays, a dictation function for emails and text messages, sending of voice memos by email, interactive map functions (PIE menu) and the simultaneous coupling of two phones are just some of the stand-out features that distinguish the latest-generation navigation systems.
    The optional multifunctional instrument cluster display with a range of instrumentation graphics makes for an entirely new display experience with novel ways of conveying driving-relevant information.
    Innovative driver assistance systems: safety is now enhanced by the new BMW Night Vision + Dynamic Light Spot and the anti-dazzle LED High-Beam Assistant. Also available are Driving Assistant Plus with ACC Stop & Go function and Active Protection with Attentiveness assistant, as well as the Speed Limit Info including No Passing Info display using road sign symbols in the instrument cluster or Head-Up Display. Rounding off the highlights of the BMW 7-Series are the BMW Parking Assistant that facilitates parking parallel to the road and an innovative Comfort Access function allowing hands-free opening of the boot lid.

New-generation Professional navigation system: display and control in the third dimension

The latest-generation Professional navigation system is compelling at first glance for its revised design and honed operating system. The tried-and-tested menu navigation has been consciously retained and augmented by further functions. The user interface has benefited from a complete graphic revision and now comprises 3D elements exclusively, while the entire architecture of the individual menus is now presented in virtual, three-dimensional spaces. Thanks to its 1.3 GHz processor and dedicated 3D graphics card, using the system with its high-quality animations and dynamic transitions is an experience, supported by imagery boasting unprecedented levels of contrast and brilliance.

Added functions instantly to hand

Along with the menu presentation, the navigation displays have likewise been revised and enhanced. The map displays and guidance information are now depicted with even greater brilliance and sharpness than before. Additional function bars, moreover, allow the map view to be customised quickly and simply without having to leave the map: the new function bars are superimposed as an extension of the original map bar and open up further options. This allows for Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI) or weather updates to be superimposed, POIs to be displayed, or the map to be rapidly switched from top view to perspective view. Standardisation of the control bars in the multimedia sphere facilitates operation of a wide range of audio sources.

The PIE menu: greater operating convenience at a click

The interactive map view also comes with the option of selecting special functions directly from the map: using the iDrive Controller, the driver can mark a spot in the interactive map to open the PIE menu. This radial menu offers quick and easy access to a host of options. Depending on the information stored, the driver can have POIs in the area flagged up, read up on any stored details, start navigation to any of the points, alter the map view and have the current location or destination displayed. If further information on a POI - e.g. telephone number, online data or email address - is also stored, the driver can instantly access these and make a call, visit the homepage or compose an email.

Split-screen display with more detailed guidance views

The split screen in the central information display likewise comes with added functions. To facilitate the driver's orientation while entering the destination by selecting the country, city and road, the chosen location is additionally displayed in the map view on the split screen. If required, the zoom function can be used to verify whether the destination shown in the relevant section of the map is the intended one.

For the navigation process itself, the familiar low-level guidance via arrows in the split screen has now been joined by a high-level guidance variant. This is automatically activated when the driver reaches a certain point ahead of the next navigation instruction. From a specified distance, which varies according to the category of road, the arrow display turns into a schematic, perspectival view of the surroundings, offering the driver even better orientation thanks to its enhanced depiction of the location and precise lane guiding. For an optimal picture, the perspective view changes in stages to a top view of the junction or intersection as the vehicle approaches it, while a dynamic vehicle indicator pinpoints the car's current position.

Then there is the 3D city model option that offers an impressive view to aid navigation. If the relevant representation of the city is stored in the car, a highly realistic depiction of the surrounding streets and houses makes it easier for the driver to find his way around.

The mobile office: dictation function, voice memos and voice control

The latest-generation Professional navigation system features a full speech recognition function and optimised voice control system to complete the portfolio of office functions offered by Connected Drive as BMW further extends its innovative lead on this front as well.

Thanks to the full speech recognition system, the dictation function gives drivers the opportunity, for the first time, to dictate text freely and compose short text-based messages simply by saying what they wish to write. Just a few seconds after dictation has been completed, the transcribed text appears in the display and can be read out if desired. As you would expect, drivers also have a number of simple-to-use, speech-based editing tools available to them for putting the final touches to e-mails and SMS messages easily and, most importantly, safely. The multilingual system can recognise six languages.

A further speech-based option to enhance office functionality is voice memos which can be sent directly by email if required. The great advantage to the motorist is the ability to swiftly store ideas or to-do items and send them to the relevant addressee(s) - without being distracted from what's happening on the road. The recorded memos can be stored on a USB stick for use outside the car.

Following the pattern of entering a destination with a single voice command, the optimised voice control feature of the Professional navigation system now allows all menu functions to be called up through simplified voice commands. If you want to make a phone call, for example, all you need to say is "Call Joe Bloggs." The system recognises that you wish to make a call and, after asking for verification of the number, makes the connection. A further advantage is the system's ability to recognise contact data irrespective of the format in which they are stored, and thus independently of first name and surname order. What's more, all submenu functions can now be activated or actions specified by speech input - from adjusting the radio and entering a destination to changing the route criteria. Voice control is becoming even simpler and easier to use.

Rounding off the new office functions is the further enhanced facility for simultaneously coupling two phones to the car at. The contact data of both phones are transferred to a shared list which is then available for making phone calls and sending emails. High-performance hardware means that calendar and contact information is displayed without delay, ensuring that both telephones are quickly ready for wide-ranging use in the vehicle.

The multifunctional instrument cluster display

In place of the classic instrument cluster in which four circular analogue dials inform the driver of speed, rpm, tank level and oil temperature, the new BMW 7-Series now offers, for the first time, the option of a multifunctional instrument display. The basic layout with four circular dials is retained, while a virtually invisible 10.25-inch integrated screen provides an entirely novel and engaging display experience that deliberately evokes modern electronic devices. It allows the driving experience modes COMFORT, SPORT and ECO PRO to be individually shown, for example. In addition to colour differentiation, the information content of the instruments is also varied according to the driving mode selected, thus presenting the driver with a display that is optimally adapted to the situation at hand.

BMW Night Vision: early pedestrian detection using Dynamic Light Spot

At the heart of the Night Vision system is an infrared thermal imaging camera integrated into the BMW kidney grille. This provides a live video image which clearly highlights any objects giving off heat, despite being far beyond the range of the high beam. The system recognises pedestrians, cyclists and animals in plenty of time, even when they are outside the headlights' beam of light. The automatic pedestrian recognition control unit then analyses the image to determine whether the vehicle is on a collision course with any pedestrians or cyclists. If a person at the roadside is deemed to be potentially at risk, a high-resolution icon will flash up in the central Control Display or the BMW Head-Up Display as a warning.

In addition to the visual and audible warnings, Dynamic Light Spots are now used to pinpoint the detected objects, allowing the driver to immediately make out any road users in danger in the dark and react in time. The new high-performance LED headlights are fitted on the outsides of the front apron in place of the foglamps, and are computer-controlled to swivel and illuminate the target object precisely. The High-Beam Assistant also intervenes if required to prevent the Dynamic Light Spots from dazzling other traffic. When they are not activated, the Dynamic Light Spots are dimmed to work together with the daytime running lights or low beam.

Anti-dazzle LED High-Beam Assistant with intelligent control

The BMW 7-Series is now available with the option of full-LED headlights which provide a further safety boost when driving at night. The bright white light they emit illuminates the road ahead with an exceptional intensity. Together with the High-Beam Assistant, the Adaptive Headlights with cornering lights as well as variable headlight distribution, they continue to represent the ultimate in lighting technology. The anti-dazzle High-Beam Assistant in conjunction with full-LED headlights ensures that the driver can enjoy optimal visibility at all times without having to switch manually between high and low beam. The system uses a camera integrated into the rear-view mirror to identify vehicles travelling up to 400 metres (approx. ¼ mile) in front.

Oncoming traffic is picked up when it is still 1,000 metres (just under ¾ mile) away. With the High-Beam Assistant activated, the headlights are partially masked as and when required in order to eliminate the danger of dazzling vehicles as they draw closer. If necessary, however, the High-Beam Assistant can also adapt to the traffic situation by switching to low beam on one or both sides.

Driving Assistant Plus brakes to a halt if required

The Active Cruise Control system Driving Assistant Plus builds on the familiar cruise control system with Stop & Go function (ACC with Stop&Go). For an enhanced interpretation of the traffic situation ahead, the full-range radar sensors are now supplemented by a front-mounted camera on the rear-view mirror. When driving in heavy-flowing traffic or traffic jams, the driver is able to safely move along with the flow and let the vehicle's automatic systems handle the tasks of stopping and pulling away again as well as approaching junctions where there are already vehicles waiting ahead. Combining radar and video data in this way improves detection of other vehicles and cuts the system's reaction time. If a vehicle ahead brakes very sharply in free-flowing traffic, requiring the driver to take action, he is prompted to do so by a two-stage warning. Simultaneously to this, the activation thresholds of the Brake Assist system are lowered, activating the brake priming function in the process. If the driver fails to react to the acute warning, Driving Assistant Plus will intervene to decelerate the vehicle itself, even braking it to a stop depending on the situation.

With Driving Assistant Plus, the upper limit of the operating range for the Active Cruise Control with automatic distance control has now been increased by 30 km/h (19 mph), meaning it is available at speeds between 30 km/h and 210 km/h (19 mph and 130 mph). The intelligent cruise control function continues to be active at speeds above 210 km/h (130 mph).

Active Protection monitors the driver's behaviour at the wheel

The BMW 7-Series now boasts an even more extensive Active Protection safety package thanks to the addition of the Attentiveness assistant. The system's electronics analyse driving behaviour on the basis of various signals such as steering angle, road speed and other engine parameters. If the system increasingly detects telltale signs of fatigue starting to build up, the central Control Display encourages the driver to take a break by displaying a coffee cup symbol.

At the start of every journey when the driver and front passenger fasten their seat belts, the Active Protection motorised belt retractors reduce any belt slack. If the car enters a critical pre-crash scenario, the driver and front passenger belts are pulled tight, and the side windows and sunroof are closed. Active Protection deduces that a collision is likely based on data from the front-mounted camera or radar, an emergency braking manoeuvre initiated by the driver, or the onset of heavy understeer or oversteer. If a crash is unavoidable, the system will automatically brake the car afterwards without any intervention required from the driver. Following the initial impact, the car is slowed to a standstill with a maximum deceleration rate of 5 m/s² and its brakes then locked for a further 1.5 seconds. This reduces the likelihood of - or even prevents - a secondary collision.

Speed Limit Info with No Passing Info display using road sign symbols

In combination with the Professional or Business navigation system, Speed Limit Info keeps the driver notified of the detected speed limit for the current stretch of road. The front-mounted camera integrated into the rear-view mirror continuously monitors road signs, including variable-message overhead signs on motorways and dual carriageways. This information is checked against the navigation system's database of speed limits. The camera is also able to take into account additional signs or temporary restrictions, for example at roadworks. As with speed limits, a No Passing Info display can now also be flashed up in the instrument cluster or Head-Up Display in the form of a road sign until the restriction has been lifted. Furthermore, drivers now have the benefit of a Speed Limit Device, which caps the car's maximum speed at between 30 and 230 km/h (19 and 143 mph), as set by the driver.

BMW Parking Assistant takes charge of manoeuvring into parking spaces

BMW Parking Assistant uses ultrasonic sensors integrated into the sides of the vehicle to help search for suitable parking spots. The system then helps the driver to manoeuvre safely and comfortably into parking spaces positioned parallel to the direction of travel. With the Parking Assistant activated and the car travelling at a slow speed of no more than 35 km/h (22 mph), a notification appears in the Control Display to alert the driver to suitable spaces that are at least 1.20 metres (around 4 ft.) longer than the BMW 7-Series as he passes them. During the parking process, all the driver has to do is change gear, operate the accelerator and brake pedal, and keep an eye on the area around the car. The Parking Assistant then proceeds to take care of all the steering movements required to execute a precise reverse parking manoeuvre. A new bird's-eye view of the vehicle in the Control Display works in unison with the Park Distance Control to clearly visualise the distance to other objects and make it easier for the driver to monitor the parking process.

Innovative boot access makes life a little easier

The BMW 7-Series now offers even greater ease of use with a hands-free boot lid opening function. Standing behind the car, a quick movement of the foot under the centre of the rear bumper is enough to prompt the boot to open without any use of the hands. The boot then automatically unlocks and swings open by spring force. For detection purposes, the vehicle is fitted with sensors placed at different heights in the rear bumper trim. The sensors can identify the foot "command" by monitoring the area of the leg between the shin and the tip of the foot. They then send a signal containing special algorithms to the onboard computer. Access is only authorised, however, if the system simultaneously identifies the Comfort Access control unit (the key), which the person must be carrying with him. The boot lid is then unlocked and raised automatically, without hand contact. Key authorisation provides the safeguard that ensures correct operation at all times.

Yet more unrivalled driver assistance systems and mobility services

Apart from the highlights detailed above, BMW ConnectedDrive in the BMW 7-Series encompasses a host of sophisticated features and technologies designed to delight anyone seeking supreme convenience and safety. These include the existing full-colour BMW Head-Up Display, BMW Assist Emergency Call with automatic vehicle location, the rear view camera and Surround View, Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI), as well as the full range of in-journey entertainment offered by BMW Online, all the office functions and BMW Apps.

Body and safety: Optimised protection and intelligent lightweight design as a founding principle

The BMW 7-Series is built around an extremely rigid passenger cell that strikes a perfect balance between weight reduction on the one hand and solid construction on the other, enabling it to satisfy the most stringent safety standards. Large supporting structures with a high load-bearing capacity and the intelligent use of high and ultra-high-tensile multi-phase steels coupled with a large number of aluminium components maximise the strength of the safety passenger cell, while keeping weight low. The combination of aluminium roof and steel body is unique in this segment. Quite apart from the weight saving of some seven kilograms over a steel roof, the aluminium construction has the effect of lowering the vehicle's centre of gravity resulting in even sharper handling. The body's bonnet, front side panels, front spring struts and doors are all likewise made of aluminium on the BMW 7-Series. The doors alone shave a whole 22 kilograms or so off the weight. By incorporating a high-tech mix of materials, body strength has been increased by around 60 per cent compared to its predecessor, while torsional resistance is now some 20 per cent higher too. Not only do these advances boost passive safety, they form the ideal basis for majestic handling qualities.

Individual protection at every seat. The exemplary crash responses of the body, including precisely defined deformation zones, provide the best possible basis for the optimum design and set-up of the car's restraint systems. The BMW 7-Series is equipped as standard with front and side airbags for the driver and front passenger, plus head airbags for both rows of seats. Depending on the nature of the crash, integrated safety electronics ensure that only those airbags that are able to provide effective protection are actually deployed. Airbags that are not required therefore continue to be ready for action in the event of a possible secondary collision. All seats are fitted with three-point inertia-reel seat belts, and the driver and front passenger also have the benefit of belt latch tensioners.

Active head restraints lower the risk of injury

To guard against whiplash injuries following a collision from the rear, the front seats are fitted with crash-activated head restraints as standard that are controlled by the safety electronics. In the event of such a collision, the system responds by causing the front part of the head restraint to shoot forwards by up to 60 millimetres and upwards by a maximum of 40 millimetres. The effect of this is to narrow the distance to the occupant's head before it starts to be thrown back by the force of the impact. Thanks to the active head restraints, there is therefore less risk of sustaining cervical spine injuries or hyperextension.

To minimise the risk of a collision occurring in the first place, an array of electronic aids can be found in the BMW 7-Series that make an active contribution to driving safety. The functions of the main assistance systems have already been described in detail in the chapter on BMW ConnectedDrive, but the most noteworthy accident prevention features include: the new full-LED headlights with anti-dazzle High-Beam Assistant that are making their debut in the BMW 7-Series, Adaptive Headlights including cornering lights and variable light distribution, the Active Protection system with Attentiveness assistant featuring an eCall function and automatic vehicle location, plus, to limit the risk of rear-end collisions, adaptive brake lights. If the driver brakes very heavily and the ABS system has to take corrective action, the LED brake lights flash conspicuously as a warning to drivers behind that they too should brake as hard as possible. After the vehicle has been braked to a particularly sharp stop, the hazard warning lights will additionally switch on automatically.

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